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+pv
L
p +pv

(
p)
T:
"T pp = I - L.L.+p"

Lp L.+. +L
p
T-95
p
Tp T.T.

1995
T p...
+p L Lp (1786-1861), ,
p
pv . +p
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L
p. T 18441856 p. T 1856 pv
v p p. T 1856-60 p
+p p.
( T
Tp 1979)
p ppv p
p-
v
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p +p
vpv, v, v pv , pv p p
. L L..Tp-

"III- p = I"
+p
p: "p +p, L Lp +p,
p v pv , v .
T p
III
..."
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pp L.L. +p, v.
L v , ,
v p
p, , .
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+p p = I p
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p v
v p. + v
p Tv p.
L Lp
p p
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p 1829 Lp-L
1833, p p p 1856 .
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Lp +p p p .
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p
p-v p
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p. T p 14 p 1825 .,
L Lp,
p, p .

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= I p p . Tp pp
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pv,
p -
p v. L, v pv p

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p pp: Tp vv v . L
v p L
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v v v pv = I:
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v, pv, pv, ppv,v, pv, v
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p p , p p.
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v p p,
p , 1833 L.+p v pp
.
L Lp ,
pp
p: p = I, pv p p
p
p.
p
, v L.L.+pv
, v Lp p,
pv + p 1829 . p-p p p
p : p pv pv
p 𸪺
p p ppv p p -
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p, v p p pp. p
v p. T pv, p v p p
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p p
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,
pv , pv p O p. T
p + p
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p
p.
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p p
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, +
p p p p .
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1826 , p v . p
p pv p, - p
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p .
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. = p p p.v L
Lp .+p +.+ p -,
p p

p p v
p p . + p p
, p pp p .
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p + p p
p: p ppv.
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p 1829 v Lp p,
.
p
p pv
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p. T
v p pv L.L.+pv.
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" p
".
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p
p. " - , +pv,
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p ", - pp - p 1830 .
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v p
1833
. Lpp = I p
pp T. p +p v p
v p p. +
v v pp p,
p p p .
+p v p
pv p
p v p Tp. + L.L.+p


p-p p, p p v
pp p pp. "= ppv

, v vp",
p L.L.+p. T pp
II p pv
p pv +p p p
"p " .
Lp-L p v
26 1833 .

v p Tp.
T
+ p p p p
pv pv v pv p.
p p p +p
v p pv p p p p
p T p p p .
T 1844 +p +p

III
. T p 40- , , v
, v p L.L.+p.
T 1856 L Lp v
,

pv, v p p Lp
II
-
pv p pv .
p Lp II +p
p +p

p p, - p,

- p ppv 1861 .
L Lp v
p v ppv,

p p = I. T p p
+p p, p p
p . + v v v
+p-, p v p v
p v p p p v


p.
T ppv:
1. "
pp" pv 1992 2. T
p "T "
1979 3. L.Tp "III- p = I" T 1990

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