• 
 • 
 • 
 • 
 • 
 • 
 • 
 • 
 • 
 • 
 • 
 • 
 • 
 • 
 • 
 • 
 • 
 • 
 • 
 • 
 • 
 • 
 • 
 • 
 • 
 • 
 • 
 • 
 • 
 • 
 • 
 • 
 • 
 • 
 • 
 • 
 • 
 • 





-----------------------------------------------------------------------
     11.        .
          (            )  -                ,
                                - .      -
  - 324  
. . .;                   , -    - 
   . - 387 
. . .       -    4,1   .,     
(98%),  -
 ,   
,    ,       .      -   .            -
     .
                                  1905   .
                                         -
                 (  1949 .)                 -
         -                             -
     ( 
,         ,       ).             
                          (1973.).
          -              .           
-    .
                -        (    ).        
                             .
          -       -                      
                          ,             ,
                      -               -
             .
                                        -
       .                                
               .              (500       -
   ),        
1%                         (82%
      -   
,             50     ),       
-
  25%        
;  3                     60%   -
         .                            -
                             .          
                    .                 -
                     ,                 ,
      ,     
(                         -
           ).
                                  ,    ( 
-
                23,3%        ),            ,
  ,   
,    ,    ,    ,     ,    
,    ,   -
     .                          800 
. .,  -
        - 1210   .         .
                      :                  -
 ,            
,         ,        ,  
-
  -   
,         .                     
                         ,             -
 -      
,              .
                                        (
10      ).                 -         
.  -
        -                  -          
.
          .                           
                        40%.              -
               (               -        
  )       
.
                   -     .     90%          
                                   .    -
                                         
             (                ).        
(       , 50% 
-           ) - 4,24  .,       
-
79,8  . .
                         .                
                           ,      ,    
-
 ,                 ,          
.    :    -
          ,         ,          ,      -
   ,                     ,        
.   -
              :         ,    ,     .   
-
       -  
.
          -                     
.         -  62
 . . .            1         .            
  .
                                         
                           ,          
                     .
       1920            "       
".       1920  
                           ,            -
               ,                      -
       .                               -
                   .
     60%                     .             
                           .           
        ,   
,    ,           ,   ,   

     -       
,    ,   .                  -
                 .
                                        
      ,  
1947                             
                .
     11.                  .
                                 11     1993
                                      -
                     -          .     
                                       -
                            .      ,     
-
                                        -
               ,                        
          ,               .     -       
   ,      
,                            ,
                                         
                             .
                                       ,  
                         .              -
   ,                                   -
           .                    -       
   -            ,                      
-
                             ,             ,
                          .
         -          ,                     
                    .         ,         -
                   ,                     
      .                                
                          ,            
          .                             
         ,                  ,           
                           .
              -           .               
              :   ,        ,          , 
     .                                 .  
                                      -
                                       -
    .                  ,                -
   ,                                   ,
                      .                  
                    ,      ,            
  ,                              .
                                         
                    .                  
-
 ,               .                      
      ,                           .   
-
                              (    ,   
,
         ).                            -
   ,                                   
     .                        .
                               ,          -
                      .                
                    ,                 -
                                 .       
                                       -
         ,   
,                         
                                      -
                              ,        
           .
                                          -
       ?                                 .
                                      
        ,            ,    ,               -
 .                                     -
                                .       
                                     -
         .                             -
                                    
                    .                   
               ,                        -
          ,                       .    
-
                                       
                                       -
                          .
           -           ,                   
                                 .      -
   ,                                   -
                                .      -
            -                          
    ,                                 
   ,                    .               
             ,                     ,   -
                        .
                                       ,
                   .                     -
                    ,                    ,
            .                         
                               .
                   -        ,           
                                       -
                        .              
             ,                          -
 -       
,         ,            ,      
                  .
                                          
        ,           ,                  
-
         ,    
,             ,        .
                                         -
                        ,               
              ,                    ,   -
  ,       
,       ,      ,             -
   .          
,            ,          
     ,     
,      ,        ,           -
      ,                                
                                      -
              .
                  ,                        
                                      
                            .           -
                ,                    .  -
                  ,                   
                                      .
     111.             -            
                    .
                                          
                .                       -
  :
     -                     ,
     -               ,                   
-
  ,          
,
     -                                   
                                   ,
     -                    ,
     -                            ,
     -                         ,          
              ,
     -          ,                          
           ,        ,
     -                      ,
     -                                 ,
     -                                   -
                       ,
     -                                   ,
                    -                . .
                                        ,
                              .        -
         ,                             -
                      .                
          ,        ,                    
                                      -
             .
                                         -
                                       
                              .        
                                      
                           ,           
                                        -
           .
                                         
        ,                             
          .                              
                      ,   ,            -
    . .                      ,           
                               ,         
         ,             .
         ,              ,                
-
                 ,                       ,
                   .                   
                                       .
                    -        .
             ,                           
       .                ,              
-
      ,                     , 
-         -
                   "    ".            ,   
       -                  .
                                           -
                    .                  
                            ,          
  .                                     
              .                        
                                       -
                   .
                                 .        -
       ,                               
          .
                                        .  
    ,                                  
                                      
            .
                       -       .
                                ,        
                      ,                -
  .                           ,         
          ,               .
                                          
                      .       -        
                       ,                
          ,                             -
     .
                                          ,
                       .           -    
          ,                            -
                   ,        .
                                           
 ,                                     
                 (  ),                  
    .        
,           ,    ,         
                      17          ,      7
     -                   .              
                        ,              ,
                                       -
       .
                                          
                                      -
   .                                   
                              .         
                                      .  
                   ,              50-    60-
                                   .    
                                       -
 .
           ,                             -
                .                       
            .        ,                 .
                        ,               -
                     .                  -
                              .        -
                                      
         .
                   ,                     -
 ,          
.                         
                                     , 
            "       ".                  
      -                                -
  ,                                    
     ,                                 -
 .
                 ,                        -
                    ,               ,    -
                                        
      .    
-                           
  ,                            .         -
                          ,           
-
      .
     1.                    .
                                         
          .      1     1994                  
                                        
                    ,             .   
                  ,                    
-
 ,                                      
     .
                                          -
  ,              ,                      
      .                                  
                                        
                        .
         ,   
,                           
      .                                  
   ,       
.                            
     , ,      
,                         -
 .                                     .
           ,                             
                   ,          ,         
             .                 ,         -
                    .                     -
           .
                                          -
     ,                                  -
         -         ,             
.     
                       .       ,        -
                                    ,  
                 ,                      -
             .                           ,
    -                  -                 -
            ,                         , 
-
                              .
                                          
   ,     
,              ,     ,          
               .   ,                   
 ..   
,          "       ".
                                          
              .             ,            
              .                        -
               -                         
                                     
                 .
                                        -
                                        
    .
                 -                      -
                   ,                   
                             ,          
                     .                 -
        -    
      .                 
                                       
                 ,                     
   .
                        ,                -
              ,                  .        
                 .                      -
                  .       
"         "    -
                                         .
                                       -
              .
                     :"                   ".
       ,                                -
                 .                 ,     
                   ,                   
        ,                     .
                                        -
                 ,              ,       
                  ,                     -
                            ,            
         .                    .
                                  :
        -                      
                (    1984 .)
        -                      
                (    1992 .)
        -        .        (1992-1993  .)
        -   
:
                              (1991-1994)
                                      
                        (1991-1993)

      ©2010