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Š
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, 蠠
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Š

1. :
.
2.
( , ):
) -
2500 .
) - 5000 .
3. 1
- 1200 .
3 4 (
).
: I ( - 3 ) II ( - 4 ) 1 䠠 30% 15% 2 䠠 30% 15% 3 䠠 40% 30% 4 䠠 - 40%
4. -
5. -
9950 .
6. - . ..
. .
7.
( ):

( ) - 3300 .

- 1200 .

- 12 .

- 55 .

- 20 .
8.
( ) - 2800 .
9. - 3600 .
10. - -
1500 .-.
11. - 1.18
12.
- 0.785 .

- 30%
13.
- 0.77 .

- 35%
14.
, % - 26%.
15.
- 63%.
16. ,
- 32%.
17. - 205
.
18. -
7%.
19. - 50%.
20. , %
- 0.7%.
21.
,
- 45 .
22.
- 45 .
23.
- 0.5.
24.
- 8 .
25.

26.
- 160%.
27.
- 70%.
- .
.

( -169).

.
,
,
, 12
, .

, , ,

,
,

.
-
, ,

.
, -
- .

.


:
, ,
,
; ;
;

, ;



;
.

:

, :

(*) .................................... 4620*10530

(*) .................... 1800*2250

, ......................................... 150

, ...................................... 900



, ......................................... 600 -
2600



, .....................................4240 - 9200



, .........................................................
1240



ࠠ ,
....................................240



, .................................................1200
:

................... 7.5 - 950

, /:

..............................................................
2 - 1500

, ......................................... 1 - 750

........................................ 0.4 - 375

. .......... 4000
, , :

.

,
........................ 14



(**), ............... 13500*10180*6000

,
............................................................... 3600
,



.
.

.

( ).
.
,
.
.
-
.
,


.
.

,
( ).


.

.
5000

(
).
"
".


-.

: , , ,
-, ,
.
,
.
.


( ,
- ).

:
1) :

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-
2)
:

-

- -

-
3) - :

-

-

-

- -

- -

-

-
4) , :

-

-

-
 蠠 蠠
堠 ,

4.
: ,
: 360,145 . 275,443 . 83.894 . 48% 2,21
,

,
.
(6 ).
.

.



1 2, [1].
- 17,0% 4,2% .
19,7% 4,9% .
.
,
. ,
70% ,

30% .
:
Od =
((dn*)/ - d)+d (/)
:
d - d-

.
d - d-
.
- ,
,

().
-
- 1.2.
d - d- ,
- .
d=
(d*)/100

:
-
. 8%, 5%.
,
1991
160000 .

, 4-6% .

:
d=
(4000000*70*4,2*1,3/(100*100*1,2) -
- 4000000*70*4,2/(100*100)):5 = 1360 .
1995 .
-
:
d =
4000000*70*4,2*8/(100*100*100) = 8621 .

, 1997
:
d =
160000*4,9*6/(100*100) = 470 .
:
d =
4000000*30*4,2*5/(100*100*100) = 2250 .


1997 12701 .
,
.
:
1) ;

2) 10 - 12%;

3) ;

1997 1.

1. (.) (. .) - . - . () 160000*4,9/100 7840 61,8% . -. 1360 10,8% - 7840*0,12/100 941 7,4 8621 67,8% .- 3921 30,8% 470 3,7% 2250 17,7% 12701 100 12701 100

,
. 3921 , : 12701- (7840+ 941) = 3921
.

,
1997 , ,
,
0,8.
3921/0.8 = 4902 .

:




5000 /. .
Ƞ
.




.
-
.
:
( ) ().


:
i =
i+ti+i+*i,
:
i - i-

i -
i = *i
:
i - . .
ti+i -
(ti), ꠠ (i)
-
(0.15)
i -
- :
i = *Vi
:
Vi
- -
.
:
-
(Vi)
(i) -
,

.
-
.
-
.

,
.
:
: 3300*5000 = 16500000
: 1200*5000 =
6000000
: 12*5000 = 60000


3,6*5000=
18000 .
.
= *N*m

N - ,

m -

(k=6) :
=
1200*5000*3,6*6 = 129600 .


:

70% - -
;

ᠠ 30% -
;
= +
=
0.7*129,6 = 90,72 .
=
0.3*126,6 = 38,88 .
i- :
i = *Vi
+ = i+

:
1 =
90,72*1.2 = 108,864 .
1 = 108,864 +
38,88 = 147,744 .
:
2 = 90,72*1.16 =105,2352 .
2 = 105,2352 + 38.88 = 144,1152 .
.
( ).
.
=
t*N/F(g)*K

t - , ;
N - , ;

F(g) - () , F(g) = 1826 ;
- ;
=
1500*5000/1826*1.18 = 4847 .

(63%):
=
4847*0.63 = 3053
= +
= 4848 + 3053 = 7900 .

(32%):
= 7900*0.32 = 2528 .

.
1) :
= t*So*N

S - ;
=
1500*0.785*4*5000 = 23550000
(
= 4)
2) :
=
*F*S ,

S - ;
=
3053*1826*0.77*4 = 17170316
3) :
=
**12*

- ;

- , 頠
(0.92);
=
2582*205*12*0.92 = 5442278,4

- ( 30%) = 7065
.
- (35%) =
6009,6 .
- (50%) = 2721,1 .


- (26% )
= 6123 .
- (26%) =
4464,282 .
- (8%) = 380,959 .

:
= i/12*k
:
i -
k -

.
5. . , i (.) (. - . .) . . (.) i=3+4+5++2* 1 2 3 4 5 6 108864 1818,18 96,69 91513,819 109758,28 105235,2 807,135 108,27 88415,909 105116,59

:

.
:
109758,28 -105116,59 = 4641,69 ..

.
.


. :
= 129600
..
=
105235,2 .
= 38880
.
i = 144115,2
.


,
i,
.
1997 .
: 3 4 .

: 1 (3 ) 2 (4 ) 1 30 15 2 30 15 3 40 30 4 - 40
:
i =
i*(1+)

: = 0.1;
i = 144115,2
.
1 = 43234,56*(1+0.1) + 43234,56*1.1
+ 57646,08 = =152,76211 .
2 = 21,617*1.1 + 21,617*1.1 +
43234,56*1.1 + 57646,08 = = 152,76149
.

:
4 = 152,76149
.

.


0.96 (4% -

: ..)
= 0.96*144,1152 = 138,35059 .


, .

1) :
=
**/360
:
-

- ();
- ,
,
;
-
().
=
2800*5000*45/360 = 1,749 .

60% .
:
=
1,749/0.6 =2,915 .
2)


:
=
**,
:
-
(
), ;
-
();
-
.
= 273528*45*0,7/360 = 23933,7
..
3)
.
.. =
Q*
:
- ,
;
Q -
.;
. =
275443,63*8/360=6120,96 ..

:
=
2,915+23,9337+:,12096=32,96966 ..

.
1.,
.
: 14000 . .
: 2800 .
2. -
( ).
- 807,135 .
- 0,1614 .
3.
:
- 108,270 .
-
0,022 .
4.
.
- 67243,675 .
-
13,45 .
5. :

- 10587,2
.
-
2,12 .
6. (40%)

(1%) : 41% 򠠠 77830,825 .
- 31910,64 .
-
6,38 .
7.
(5%
)
- 6920 . .
-
1,384 .
8. 160 %
:
- 107589,8 .
-
21,5179 .
9. 60% :
-
47070,537 .
- 9,41 .
10. : 0.7% .
6.
. (. .) (. .) 1. 2,8 1400 2. - 0,1614 807,135 3. / 13,45 67243,625 4. / 2,12 10587,2 5. . 6,38 31910,64 6. 1,384 6920 7, 21,5179 107589,8 8, 9,41 47070,537 57,2233 273528,93 0,400 1914,7025 57,6233 275443,63
.
=
(i+)/(-(+)) < , ( = 6
)

:
-
;
- ;
-
;
= 1.25*

:
- ;
- ;
(25% - )
=
1.25*57,6233 = 72,029 .
=
72,029*5000 = 360145,62 .
= ( 152,76149 + 32,96966 ) / (
360,14562 - ( 275,44363 + 0,807135 )) = 2,21
<
:
- (+) = 360,14562 - ( 275,44363 + 0,807135 )) = 83,894855
.
:
= (-(+))/(i+) = 0.45 > , ( = 0.16)
-
.

.
:

)
360145620/10428 = 34536,40 /

)
360145620/138350590 = 2,6 /
:
=
/(+)
= 83894855/(138350590+32969660) =
0.48, .. 48 % .
1 :

275443630/360145620 = 0.76 ,
76 .
7. -
, (). 1. . . 360,145 2. ) ) 5000 18000 3. . . 275,443 4. - . . 10428 7900 5. . . 152,76 6. . . 138,35 7. . . 83,894 8. . . 108,270 9. 2,21 10. ) ) ./. ./. 34536,34 2,6 11. ./. 76 12. % 48

:
-

.


. 2,21
, , .
.
.
ʠ

1.
, ,
1991,
2.
.., .. (
,
). 6- .,
. . .:,
1988.
3.
.
( 3)
4.
.. .

2. . / - () - () () - () () (. ) 3,3*5000=16500 150 2475000 40 660000 1,2*5000=6000 300 1800000 200 1200000 0,012*5000=9000 150 9000 - - - 0,055*5000=275 120 33000 210 57720 - 0,02*5000=100 120 12000 40 4000 22935 4329000 1921750
:
4329000*0.12*3.5=1818180 . 1921750*0.12*3.5=807135 .
0.12 -
.
3.5 -
- .
3.
. - - - - - () () . 堠 () () . 堠 () () % 250 160 % 170 210 % % 80 30 % 145 100 % 100%
()
:
4.
. . . . . . - .. .. .. .. (1,3) .. (1,25) .. . .. .. .. 1. 4847 23550 7065 30615 39799,5 38628,75 6123 45922,5 44391,75 789,53 763,21 2. . 3053 17170,3 6009,6 23179,9 30133,87 28974,875 4464,2 34598,07 33439,075 944,36 912,73 7900 40720,3 13074,6 53794,9 69933,37 67243,625 10587,2 80520,57 77830,825 849,37 821,25 3. 2528 5442,2 2721,1 8163,3 10612,29 10204,125 380,959 10993,249 10585,084 362,38 348,92 10428 46162,5 15795,7 61958,2 80545,66 77447,75 10968,159 91513,819 88415,909 731,31 706,55
2
.
20
...2...0..................................... 2
2
0....................................
3
2I0.2 - 0
.................................... 5
2I.10
....................... 5
2I.20
.................................... 7
2I.30
.................................... 7
2I.40
.............................. 7
2I.50
........................... 8
2II0. 2
0 ......... 11
2III0. 2
0 2 0-
2 0
.................. 15
2IV0. 2-

20
....................................
18
2IV.1 0

,


18
2IV.20
........ 18
2IV.3 0


................................... 19
2IV.40
..................... 23
2IV.50
... 23
2IV.60


.............. 24
2IV.70


....................... 26
2IV.80
-

................................... 30
2IV.9 0
-

............. 31
2 0
.................................. 34
- 2 -
2
-堠 堠 () -
,




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.
- 3 -
2 Š
1. :
.
2.
(
,
):
) - 800 .
) - 1600 .
3. 1

- 1200 .
3 4 (
).

-
:
I ( - 3 ) II ( - 4 )
1 䠠 30% 15%
2 䠠 30% 15%
3 䠠 40% 30%
4 䠠 - 40%
4. -
5.
() - 56320 .
6. -

.
7.
( ):
( ) - 13000 .
- 7000 .
- 30 .
- 80 .
- 50 .
- 120 .
8.
-
(
) - 12000 .
9. - 17500 .
10. - - 8000
.-.
11. - 1.1
- 4 -
12.
-
-
0.785 .
- 30%
13.
-
0.77
.
- 35%
14.
-

, % - 26%.
15.
- 63%.
16. ,


- 35%.
17. - 195
.
18. - 7%.
19. - 50%.
20. , %
-

- 0.7%.
21. , -

- 40 .
22.
- 60 .
23.
- 0.5.
24.
- 7 .
25.
-
26.
-

- 160%.
27.
-

- 60%.
- 5 -
2I.0 2 - .
_I.1.
.



( -169). -


-

. -

, ,

,
12 ,

.

, , -
,


,
,
-



.
-
, -

,
-

.
,
- -

-

.




.


:
, -
,
,


;

;


; -

-

, -
;

- 6 -


;

.

:
, :
(*)
........................... 4620*10530
(*)
.................. 1800*2250
,
............................... 150
,
.............................. 900

, 600 - 2600

,
........................................ 4240 - 9200
,
......... 1240

,
...................................... 240

, 1200
:

................... 7.5 - 950
, /:

....................................... 2 - 1500
,
.......................... 1 - 750

........................... 0.4 - 375
.
............. 4000
, ,
:
.

,
............................. 14
(**),
...... 13500*10180*6000
,
..................................... 90000
- 7 -
,





.
_I.2. .
-

-
.


(-

).
_I.3. .
,

.


.
- -

-

.


,



.
_I.4. .

, -

( ). -
- 8 -


-

.



.
800
-

-

(


). -

"
-
".



-.

-
:
, , , -,
, .


,


.
_I.5.
.



(
-
,
- ).

:
1)
:
-
-
-
-
-
- 9 -
-
-

-
-
2)
:
-
- -
-
3) -
:
-

-
-
- -
- -

-
-
4) ,
:
-
-
-
 蠠 蠠
堠 ,




4.
: ,
:
-
2219543.1920 .
- ࠠ 2175634.5490 .
-
243907.990 .
- ࠠ 2350%
- 頠 23.090
, -
- 10 -

-
,


.

(6 ).
- 11 -
2II.
.

-

.


-


1
2, [1].
-
-
2.1% 0.42% (2.1/5).


3.1%
0.62% (3.1/5).

.

-
, . ,

70%
-

,
30%

.

:
Od = (dn*/ -
d)+d (/)
:
d - d-


.
d - d-

.
- ,
-
,

().
-
- 1.2.
d - d- ,
- .
d= d*/100
:
-

- 12 -
.
8%, 5%.
,
1991

160000 .
,

4-6%
.


:
d=
(4000000*70*0.42*1.3/100*100*1.2 -
- 4000000*70*0.42/100*100):5 = 196
1995 .
-

- :
d = 4000000*70*0.42*8/100*100*100 =
941



, 1997 :
d = 160000*0.62*6/100*100 = 60
:
d = 4000000*30*0.42*5/100*100*100 =
252


1997

1449 .
,

.
:
1)
;
- 13 -
2)
10 - 12%;
3) ;

1997

1.
1.
ͻ
۠
Š

(), 򠠠
͹

蠠 - .
蠠 - .
͹

.賠


() -
:

⠠ 992 68.5%
160000*0.6/100
196 13.5%



-


󠠠

- 100
6.9% 


941
65%

992*10/100


:


-

357 24.6%

.-

60 4.1%



󠠠


252
17.4%
ͼ
: 1449 100% : 1449 100%
- 14 -
-

, -

. 357 , : 1449
- (992
+ 100) = 357 .


,
1997
,
,

, -

0.8.
357/0.8 = 446 .
:



800
/.
.
- 15 -
2III
Ƞ
2
.

-



. -

-
.


: (
)

().

-

:
i = i+ti+i+*i,
:
i - i-
i -

i = *i
:
i - . .
ti+i -
-
(ti), -
(i)
-

(0.15)
i -
- -

:
i = *Vi
:
Vi
- -

- 16 -
: -
-

(Vi)
(i)

- ,


. -


-

.
2.
.
ͻ



/
͹
.
-- ࠠ --
,, ,
,




͹

(. 13*800=10400 - 150 1560000 - 40
416000
)






7*800=5600 -
300 1680000 고 200
1120000







0.03*800=24 -
150 3600 0
0






0.08*800=64 
120 7680
210 13440





0.05*800=40 - 150
6000 - 40
1600







- 0.12*800=96 
120 11520 - 40
3840




ͼ
:
16224 3268800 1554880
- 17 -

ꠠ 3268800*0.12*3.5=1372896 1554880*0.12*3.5=653049.6
0.12 -
.
3.5 -
- .
3.


ͻ
-
. -

頠 -- ⠠
͹

-Ķ- -
- -
-𠠠


.
.. ..
͹͹

- 25.0 200 3500 150 6650
1380 31500



15.0 120 2100 120 3990
1560 21000
ꠠ 15.0 120 2100
30
2730
1440 18900
Ķ
: 55.0 440 7700
-
13370
- 71400
Ķ
렠 15.0 120 2100 1500 18900
200 3990
- 20.0 160 2800 1500 25200
40 3640



10.0 80 1400
2100 17500 250
3500
Ķ
: 45.0 360 6300
-
61600
- 11130
ͼ
: 100.0 800 74970 82530
(): 2 11130000 12012000
- 18 -
2IV
-
2.
_2IV.1 0 -
_
,
-
_ .
:
- : 13000*800 = 10400000
- : 7000*800 = 5600000
- : 30*800 = 24000
- : 50*800 = 40000


17.5*8002 0= 14000
.
_2IV.2 0
.
= *N*m

N - ,
m -

-

(k=6) :
= 1200*800*17.5*6 = 100800
.



-

:

70% - - ;

30% - ;
- 19 -
= +
2 0= 0.7*100.8 = 70.56
.
= 0.3*100.8 = 30.24
.
i- :
i2 0= *Vi + =
i+

:
1 = 70.56*1.2 = 84.672
.
12 0= 84.672 + 30.24 =
114.912 .
:
2 = 70.56*1.16 = 81.8496
.
2 = 81.8496 + 30.24 = 112.0896
.
_2IV.3 0

_.
2IV.3.10
( ).
.
= t*N/F(g)*K

t - , ;
N - , ;
F(g) - ()

, F(g) = 1826 ;
-
;
- 20 -
= 8000*800/1826*1.1 = 3186

(63%):
= 3186*0.63 = 2007
= + = 3186 + 2007 =
5193
(35%):
= 5193*0.35 = 1817

2IV.3.2 0
.
1) :
= t*So*N
堠 S -
;
= 8000*0.785*4*800 =
20096000
( = 4)
2) :
= *F*S ,
S
- ;
= 2007*1826*0.77*4 =
11287528.56
3) :
= **12*
- 21 -
堠 - ;
-
,
(0.93);
= 1817*195*12*0.93 =
3954155.4
2IV.3.30
- ( 30%) = 6028.8
.
- (35%) = 3950.6
.
- (50%) = 1977.1 .
2IV.3.40
- (26% ) =
5224.96 .
- (26%) = 2934.757
.
- (7%) = 276.79 .


:
= i/12*k
:
i -

k -
- 22 -
4.

.
Ŀ

-
Ϡ - .
-
Ĵ - ,. , ᠠ

-

-

. Ϡ .
. -
. .
. Ĵ
Ĵ

.᳠
...᳠ .


(1.3) (1.25)

Ĵ
1
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- 23 -
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30467 1372.89 74.97
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29450 653.05 82.53
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= 81849.6 .
= 30240 .
i = 112089.6 .
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1
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i = i*(1+)
:
= 0.1;
i = 112089.6 .
1 =
33626.88*(1+0.1) + 33626.88*1.1 + 44.836 = 118.815 .
2 =
16.813*1.1 + 16.813*1.1 + 33.627*1.1 + 44.836 =

= 118.814 .
:
4
=
118.814 .
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= **/360
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= 27.04/0.6 = 45.067 .
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= **,
- 26 -
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= 164144438*60*0.5/360 =
13678.703 .
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3415.116 .

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= 45.067 + 13678.703 + 3415.116 =
17138.886 .
_2IV.70


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: 194688 .
: 243.36 .
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:
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- 10340.72 .
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30.68 24543.95



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8. 38.78 31022.16

--------------------------------------------------------

205180.55 164144438

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14362.64 11490111

--------------------------------------------------------


219543.19 175634549


- 30 -
_2IV.8 0
.
= i+/-(+) < , ( = 6 )
:
-
;
- ;
-
;
= 1.25*
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(25% - )
= 1.25*219543.19 = 274428.99
.
= 274428.99*800 = 219543192
.
=
118814+17138.886/219543.192-(175634.549+0.653049) = 3.09
<
:
- (+) = 219543.192-(175634.549+0.653049)
= 43907.99 .
:
= -(+)/i+ = 0.32 >
, ( = 0.16)
- 31 -
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.
:
)
219543192000/7010 = 31318572.3
/
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219543192000/107606000 = 2040.3
/
:
= /+
= 43907.990/107606+17138.886 =
0.35, .. 35 % -

1 :
175634549/219543192 = 0.80 , 80
.
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